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The Expedition of the Thousand

On the night of May 5, 1860, The Expedition of the Thousand (Spedizione dei Mille), led by Giuseppe Garibaldi, set sail from Genoa, to conquer the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (Sicily, dominated by Spanish Bourbons, and the Kingdom of Naples, the southern part of  Italy, ruled by the French). The ships landed at Marsala, Sicily, on May 11. The landing had been preceded by the arrival of Francesco Crispi and others, who had the task of gaining the support of the Sicilians. On May 14, at Salemi, Garibaldi announced his control over Sicily in the name of King Victor Emmanuel II.

The expedition lasted almost a year but it was a success and it ended with a plebiscite that brought Naples and Sicily into the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, the last conquest before the creation of the Kingdom of Italy on March 17, 1861.