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APRIL 21, 753 BC: THE BIRTH OF ROME

The Latins (Latini) were an Italic tribe who inhabited the region known as Old Latium (Latium Vetus), between the Tiber river and the promontory of Monte Circeo, more than 3000 years ago. They built settlements around the hills on the left bank of the Tiber river and the settlements became a city, Rome.

Legend, instead, tells us that today the city of Rome is exactly 2766 years old. The story starts with Rhea Silvia, the daughter of Numitor, king of Alba Longa. Suddenly her uncle Amulius takes power over the city from his brother, saves Numitor’s life but kills his sons and forces Rhea Silvia to become a Vestal Virgin, sworn to chastity to avoid possible heirs.

While in seclusion Rhea Silvia receives the visit of Mars, the God of War and they fall in love. They have twin sons, Romulus and Remus, but, as usual, there were plots by other gods and goddesses to harm the new family. To protect the boys, Rhea Silvia set them adrift on the Tiber River. A servant takes pity on the infants and hides them on a distant bank.

Romulus and Remus are found and nurtured by a caring She-Wolf who takes care of them until they are stronger. One day a shepherd named Faustulus finds them and convinces them to follow him home. Faustulus and his wife, Acca Larentia, raise them like their children. But Remus and Romulus find out about their origins and when they become adults they kill their uncle Amulius and restore their grandfather Numitor.

They decide to build a city on the shores of the Tiber. Too much power, too soon, drives the two young men crazy and they both want to be the only king. In a fit of rage, Romulus picks up a rock, kills his brother Remus, and makes himself the first king of Rome. 

SOURCES:

Wikipedia