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Italian sculptor Antonio Capellano created Lady Baltimore -- one of the oldest monumental sculptures in the country. According to Wyeth, he was a pupil of Canova. As early as 1815 he was in New York, going from that city to Baltimore, Maryland, at the request of Maximillian Godefroy, the architect of the Battle Monument of that city. Previous to his engagement he secured a commission for the execution of two panels in bas-relief upon the front of St. Paul's Church, of which Robert Cary Long was the architect. These two works, Moses with the tables of the Law and Christ Breaking Bread, were executed for the sum of $1,000, and completed before his employement upon the Battle Monument. The ladder is evidenced by vouchers in the possession of the Maryland Historical Society.

In September 1817, Capellano, writing from Baltimore to James Madison at Montpellier, solicits a commission for a marble bust of James Madison, an arrangement which he was unable to complete. From the report of the Commissioner of Public Buildings for the year 1827, it is found that Capellano was then employed as a sculptor at the Capitol at a salary of $1,500 per annum.

By a proposal dated Washington, May 22, 1827, he offered to execute a colossal statue of Washington for the Washington Monument at Baltimore for $12,000.

His identified work at the Capitol consists of a bas-relief over the Rogers' bronze door, east portico of the Rotunda, and the bas-relief Preservation of Capt. John Smith by Pocahontas, over the west entrance of the Rotunda.

Rembrandt Peale in his Reminescences refers to an acquaintance with Capellano while in Baltimore in 1815 and to meeting him in the Boboli Gardens in Florence in 1830. Capellano was at the time a resident of Florence, having saved enough money during his visits to America to purchase a residence there, where he seemed at that time to be living a prosperous life.

From: "United States Congressional serial set"